the

Top 10 Influential Figures in Science and Technology

baking soda volcanoes and potato

batteries are a good introduction to

science these people took it a little

further welcome to watchmojo.com and

today we're counting down our picks for

the top 10 influential scientists for

this list we're focusing on people who

had a lasting or significant influence

on both science and daily life

number 10 Charles Darwin Charles

Darwin's 1859 book On the Origin of

Species created a sensation that still

reverberates throughout the world

Darwin's theory of evolution outraged

many religious leaders and challenged

assumptions about the world but its

principles are now accepted as fact and

borne out by scientific inquiry modern

evolutionary theory has itself evolved

but its roots are clearly recognizable

in Darwin's brilliant theory number 9

the Wright brothers while there may be

other aviation pioneers who also deserve

recognition Orville and Wilbur Wright

are generally hailed as the first to

successfully create a manned flying

machine this accomplishment made

possible the development of the entire

aviation industry the world was made

smaller by the airplane as people and

goods could travel great distances in a

short amount of time world economy

tourism and the defense industry were

never the same number eight Marie Curie

the word radioactivity was conceived by

Marie Curie and her work in that field

is what she is chiefly remembered for as

she created the theory of radioactivity

and developed techniques for isolating

radioactive isotopes the first woman

awarded a Nobel Prize which she won for

both physics and chemistry Curie also

discovered the elements polonium and

radium and help develop the x-ray

number-7 Nikola Tesla

Thomas Edison gets all the glory for his

work in electricity and while he was a

good scientist Nikola Tesla was even

more important

Tesla's groundbreaking work led to the

alternating current electric power

system which was crucial in industrial

development a man of many interests

Tesla also made significant

contributions to the field of robotics

nuclear physics ballistics

electromechanical engineering radar

radio theoretical physics and computer

science the men definitely got around

number six Leonardo da Vinci although

more celebrated as an artist Leonardo da

Vinci also had an astounding scientific

mind

for example his Vitruvian Man drawing is

an example of ideal human proportions da

Vinci also made numerous designs few of

which were realized for such items as

flying machines tanks calculators and

plant studies he even created an early

basic theory of what is now called plate

tectonics who knows how science would

have been altered if more of a

scientific work had been published

during his lifetime number 5

Archimedes the greatest mathematician of

ancient times and one of the greatest of

all time Archimedes was also a physicist

inventor astronomer and engineer he

created the principle by which the

volume of an irregularly shaped object

can be determined which has had enormous

influence down through the ages some of

his designs have been disproved

including one which outlined a way to

set a ship on fire using mirrors but

much of his work stands the test of time

number four Johannes Gutenberg many of

the scientists on this list spent their

lives devoted to scientific exploration

Johannes Gutenberg is here because of

one major invention Gutenberg came up

with the concept of mechanical movable

type printing which in one fell swoop

altered the world of printing and with

it the dissemination of information mass

production of printed material suddenly

became a reality and remained the

biggest advance in communications until

mass media and the

Internet number 3 Isaac Newton the story

of an apple hitting Sir Isaac Newton on

the head and the scientist

all of a sudden discovering the law of

gravity is oversimplified but hey it's a

good story

Newton's accomplishments include the

Principia which many considered the most

influential book in scientific history

and which laid out the famous three laws

of motion modern physics and engineering

Oh him a huge debt of gratitude number

two Aristotle famous Greek philosopher

Aristotle is equally renowned as a

scientist indeed many consider him

history's first genuine scientist

geology biology physics medicine

psychology and meteorology were among

his many passions although many of his

conclusions do not stand up to modern

science his efforts laid important

groundwork that influenced scientific

belief through the Renaissance and into

the Enlightenment modern science would

not be where it is today without his

early contributions before we reveal our

top pick here are a few honorable

mentions

number one Albert Einstein with his

rumpled clothes and whacked-out hair

Albert Einstein may be the most lovable

scientist on our list but he's number

one because of his accomplishments his

theory of relativity revolutionized the

field of physics and his discovery of

the photoelectric effect led to what we

now know as quantum theory practically

everyone knows Einstein's famous e

equals mc-squared equation even if we

can't really explain it we just know

that it changed the world we live in

do you agree with our choices what other

scientific geniuses should we have added

to this list for more methodical top 10s

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