the

Top 10 IMPORTANT Department of Education ED Facts & History | 2017 | TheCoolFactSHow EP74

he descended from the 1867 Office of

Education Department of Education was

signed into law by President Jimmy

Carter in October of 1979 the US

Department of Education is a

cabinet-level Department of the US

government and is administered by the US

Secretary of Education as nearly forty

four hundred employees and functions on

an annual budget of sixty eight billion

dollars this is the cool facts show

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Department of Education does not

establish schools or colleges currently

the Department of Education is tasked

with the establishment of policies

administration and coordination of

federal assistance programs in the

collection of data as well as the

enforcement of federal educational laws

promoting individual student achievement

preparation of global competitiveness

and assuring equal access to education

is the primary mission of the Department

of Education the Republican Party and

the American Federation of Teachers

heavily opposed the establishment of the

Department of Education in 1979 their

argument claimed that the establishment

of the department was unconstitutional

because education wasn't specifically

mentioned in the Constitution

Republicans and aft members claimed the

department was unnecessary and illegal

bureaucratic intrusions into local

affairs Democrats and supporters of the

establishment of the Department of

Education rebutted the opposing

arguments with using the Commerce Clause

and the funding of the department was

found constitutional under the taxing

and spending Clause with an initial

budget of fourteen point two billion

dollars and a staff of seventeen

thousand individuals in 1979 the 1980

presidential campaign of Ronald Reagan

revived the opposition to the department

President Reagan called for the

elimination of the department the

suppression of bi-level education and

the overall reduction of federal

involvement in the world of education

when he took office the budget was

significantly reduced

state and local districts are

responsible for determining their own

curricula and education standards this

is not controlled by the Department of

Education the quality of educational

institutions and their degrees is

maintained through informal private

processes known as accreditation however

the limited actions of the Department of

Education are primarily focused on the

No Child Left Behind Act the 2002 No

Child Left Behind Act also called NCLB a

increased the accountability that was

required of schools and teachers and

gave options to students enrolled in

failing schools by allowing them to

transfer to higher performing schools

NCLB a required schools to rely on

scientifically based research and

teaching methods the implementation of

No Child Left Behind improved test

scores however it was met with harsh

criticism critics of the Act argued that

because standardized testing was used to

evaluate the performance of schools and

teachers the focus of teaching had

become a narrow subset of skills that

increased testing performance without

teaching children how to think for

themselves by 2015 criticism from the

right left and center had accumulated so

much that a bipartisan Congress stripped

away the national features of No Child

Left Behind its replacement the every

student succeeds act turned the rimless

over to the states do you have any

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