Who are the gentiles?

shallow today we're going to take a

little linguistic tour and find out who

are the Gentiles there's a lot of

misunderstandings when we start talking

about things that are happening in

Hebrew roots or messianic babe but if

you want to call it we're very grateful

to pastor henry right who is determined

that the root for misunderstanding is

that somebody just didn't understand

when people who are ethnically jewish

receive Yahshua as their Messiah they

become Messianic Jews and in days past

there were not too many messianic

fellowship sore congregations for them

to go to and so many of them went into

church but they were still called

Messianic Jews as those congregations

developed and grew people who were not

ethnic Lee Jewish wanted to join with

them for whatever reason and they didn't

know what to call themselves maybe they

begin to be called messianic Gentiles

but people take offense at this word

Gentile and we're going to see why and

how that developed the problem stems

really from two directions and the

offensive word here in Hebrew is going

it's actually not offensive in Hebrew

but we will find out that it seems to

become offensive in yet so these are the

two directions the English translations

of this word gleam and then we also have

the problem of the Yiddish usage of the

word remember Hebrew and Yiddish are

different world languages and we'll

discuss that later

so in the King James translation at the

Old Testament this word [ __ ] is

translated as gentle 30 times and he

then as 143 times but there are no

pagans in the New King James we managed

to get rid of the heathens but now there

are pagans in the Jewish publication

society the heathen word is used very

very few times there's no mention of

Gentiles no mention of pagan and when

you go to Young's literal translation

none of these words are mentioned at all

so what is the meaning of going

according to the Strong's you see that

the largest number of times it is

translated as nation and then we have

this idea of heathen or Gentile I

understand that a person who is a

believer does not want to be considered

a person who doesn't believe in God

certainly not as a heathen but what is

the idea behind Gentile before we get to

that I want to be comparing this word

[ __ ] to another word which is on this is

also translated as people or nation and

you see the translations forearm never

have any negative connotation about them

they're just the people through the word

arm has the same root as the word team

which is a word that means with Genesis

1823 an Abraham drew near and said wilt

thou also destroy the righteous with the

wicked it's very difficult to see this

word em in the text it's very frequently

combined with a personal pronoun a

possessive pronoun with me with you etc

but you might recognize the word at the

bottom there Iman ooo l M with a new us

ow God God with us as the prophecy in

Isaiah talks about mushiya Emmanuelle

Genesis 11 6 and you always said behold

the people the arm the people group is

one and they have all one language and

this they begin to do and now nothing

will be restrained from them which they

have imagined to do you can see that

these people are building a tower of

babel they're not a particularly holy

people or any kind of set apart people

but they're not called heathens either

they're just an arm there are people

group Genesis 19 for but before they lay

down the men of the city even the men of

Sodom compass the house round both old

and young all the people um from every

quarter again not a holy people not a

righteous people just the people group

dennis is 23 12 and abraham bowed

himself before the people the arm of the

land this is talking about the Hittites

Genesis 3422 only here in will the men

consent unto us for to dwell with us to

be one people one um if every male among

us be circumcised as they're circumcised

talking about the people of Shem they're

not special people for God or anything

they're just a people group this is the

word on now the word boy has the same

room as the word givi yah which means

body genesis 4718 when that year was

ended they came unto him the second year

and said unto Him we will not hide it

from my lord I'll that our money is

spent my lord also has our herds of

cattle there is not ought left in the

sight of my lord but our bodies and our

lands for the idea and we see in

libertagia that the people are a one

body we're taught that we are one body

this is referring to physical bodies

Ezekiel 111 thus were their faces and

their wings were stretched upward two

wings of everyone were joined to one

another and to cover their bodies there

gold being now we're going to go to the

first use of this word in Tana which is

Genesis ten five and we see that even

though in the Hebrew both words are the

same in the King James we see two

different translations by these were the

Isles at the Gentiles this is on the

upper line you can see in the gold hot

boy units it's the word [ __ ] it's

translated as Gentiles the Isles of the

Gentiles divided in their lands everyone

after his tongue after his language up

to their families in their nations and

the same go appears there so I do not

know why two different words were chosen

but we're going to go back and look at

the history of when when this change

took place this is from the targum uncle

oh such as a first century Aramaic

document and I have highlighted his

translation which is word-for-word

almost the same you can see that he has

used the word on the cognate for the

word on in both places instead of boy

which leads us to believe that they're

very similar concepts they're both about

a people group

this is the septuagint Wichita was

translated from the Hebrew in about the

third century BCE and I've highlighted

the Greek words which were unison in

both case those words are ethnos and

those as a cognate that you know in

English ethnic it just means relating to

a people group however by the time it

was translated into english by Brenton

in 1851 he also followed the King James

pattern and translated in this two

different words one is Gentiles and the

other ones nations remember they're both

the same word in Hebrew boy

when Jerome translated the Bible into

Latin in the fourth century he also used

two different words and you can see the

first one is gentium and I really don't

pronounce Latin so I'm not going to say

that's a correct pronunciation but we

are going to investigate this work the

bottom word obviously is related to

nations and this is the idea behind [ __ ]

but suddenly he chose to use a different

word and it is the origin of the word

Gentile so we are going to look at it in

the 1300s when wickliffe translated into

English he just went right for the

heathen there and the second tent one

who uses nations I'm not sure why this

developed but it does go far back it

goes back at least to the fourth century

this idea that the nation's people in

the nations are heathens are pagans now

the word he then was first used by alpha

loss in the first translation of the

Bible into a Germanic language according

to Adam ologist seeeeee people who study

the origins of words the word heathen

and other basic words for exclusively

Christian ideas such as the word church

it probably came first from gothic and

spread to other Germanic languages so in

case you have forgotten who olfi loss

was and I sure never heard of him until

I started this PowerPoint he was a

bishop and a missionary in a Bible

translator he was either a goth or hop

gothic and half Greek and he had spent

time in the Roman Empire at the peak of

the Arian controversy and i'll let you

research that yourself it's a

controversy from the early church about

the nature of hui shuo was wealthy loss

was ordained as a as a bishop by

Eusebius of nick Amida and returned to

his people to work as a missionary in

the year 348 in order to escape

religious persecution he obtained

permission to migrate with his converts

to an area which is now in modern

bulgaria while he was there he

translated the bible from greek into the

gothic language he actually devised the

gothic alphabet and there are fragments

of this translation which has survived

although he was a raised as a goth he

later became proficient in Greek and

Latin as quite a feat for somebody in

the fourth century if we think about

that he converted many Goths to some

kind of form of Christianity and that

made them kind of different from their

neighbor Goths just to look at this idea

that the German terms came through in

that way we see in Luther's translation

that he also this is a still the Genesis

10 5 then he translated that then they

were the aisle islands miles of the

heathen but when he got down to the

bottom he translated it as people people

group so as we start to analyze what

exactly the word Gentile means in

English just have a brief look here

again at the Jerome vulgate and the root

of that word is jen's and it comes from

a clan member of a family connected by

common descent the use of the same

Gentile name the same last name the

basic meaning is a tribe of people or a

nation so if you are a Gentile I'm from

the meaning of the word it just means

that you are in the nation's and that is

also we will see what the word boy means

here's a definition from this route it's

the same war that we use the same route

that comes to mean gentry or genteel or

gentleman by if you are a man not a lady

but if you were a man and I said you're

a messianic gentleman you wouldn't have

any problem with that but if you are

messianic gen

somehow people get offended we think

that they're being called pagans or

heathens or godless people so around the

14th century the word Gentile came to

mean of or pertaining to all of the

nations which were not Jewish okay and

they began to separate that idea out I

almost think we're going to look at the

at the Yiddish in a minute but it seems

to be the same timeframe but in the

1500s it came to mean that maybe you

were a Hindu as opposed to being a

Muslim then you were just called a

Gentile because you weren't a people of

the book and in the 1800's the Mormons

started to use this word for people that

were not Mormons I just have a feeling

of kind of a xenophobia rising up among

certain groups of people look at some

verses which use the both the word [ __ ]

and the word on in them Deuteronomy 427

and you always shall scatter you among

the nations among the uname among the

people groups and you should be left for

you a number among the all of a sudden

their heathen they're the [ __ ] they're

the same nations or the same people

groups whether that Yahweh should lead

you second Kings 1711 and there they

burn incense in all the high places and

did as the nation's then the nations are

without God and they will do things that

are godless or serving other gods or

have you want to look at they will do

that but the word [ __ ] does not mean

heathen people in the nation's do things

which are heathen but it doesn't mean

that all the people that live in the

nations are without god there's no idea

behind that in the Hebrew

as did the [ __ ] whom yaoi carried away

before them and rot wicked things to

provoke Yahweh to anger here is another

use of the word [ __ ] very interesting

Exodus 19 sixth and he shall be unto me

a kingdom of priests and a holy nation a

[ __ ] Kadosh this is clearly speaking the

children of Israel these are the words

which thou shalt speak unto the children

of Israel by comparison in first Peter

29 but ye are a chosen generation a

royal priesthood again a holy nation he

uses the word ethnos which is the word

that was used in the Septuagint to

translate the word boy from Hebrew to

Greek a peculiar people that you should

show forth the praises of him who has

called you out of the darkness into his

marvelous light second chronicles 30 39

so menasha made judah and the

inhabitants of jerusalem to air and to

do worse than the [ __ ] just the nations

that are around them yes they are acting

like godless people but it's just about

the nations who surround Israel whom

Yahweh had destroyed before the children

of Israel second Samuel 7 23 and what

one nation which boy which people group

in the earth is like thy people on

another people group what other what

people group is like the people group

that belongs to Yahweh going on they're

almost interchangeable even like Israel

whom God went to redeem for people to

himself and to make him a name to do for

you great things and terrible for thy

land before they people which is our

Dimas to thee from Egypt from the

nations and their gods the promises to

Abraham Genesis 17 5 neither shall thy

name anymore be called Abram of ROM but

they named shall be over ahum for a

father of many nations going there's

people all over the world they all come

from a

ham and they are nations they're just

not necessarily pagans or godless people

they're just the nation's Genesis 18 18

seeing that Abraham shall have become a

great and mighty nation a boy and all

the nations going of the earth shall be

blessed in him the Jewish people

consider abraham to be the first Jew

it's a little out of order but there are

a guy with all the other game Genesis 35

11 God said unto him I am God Almighty

be fruitful and multiply a nation boy a

company of Nations Williams shall be of

thee and Kings shall come out of thy

loins Exodus 33 13 now therefore i pray

thee if I have found grace in thy sight

show me now thy way that I may know thee

that I might find grace in thy sight and

consider that this nation boy is thy

people um we have seen I'm used to mean

pagan people godless people we have seen

go I used to be paying in regardless

people they're just people groups Isaiah

11 12 and he shall set up an innocent

for the nations for all the [ __ ] and

shall assemble the outcasts of Israel

and gather the dispersed of Judah for

the four corners of the earth a little

bit interesting is people from Israel

are outcasts people from Judah are just

dispersed your identity is not heathen

or pagan if you are a Gentile it just

means that you are from the nation's if

you are born Italian you'll die Italian

you are born Jewish you will die Jewish

if you are born African you will die

African you are just of some people

group every person is born into a people


rob a my ear in the second century said

that if a non-jew was well versed and

Torah is equal in rank to the high

priest multiculturalism is a very

important tenet of Jewish life

considering that Jews have lived all

over the earth they appreciate the fact

that other people can be different that

they are different and that they Jewish

people can be accepted among a

multicultural population Rashi a great

rabbi of the 11th century said that the

Gentiles of the present age are not

heathens Gentile does not mean he then

it just means you're of the nation's now

we're going to investigate the Yiddish

side of the problem Yiddish is the

historical language of Ashkenazi Jews

European Jews it originated during the

ninth century in Central Europe

providing the pre-existent language of

the nascent Ashkenazi community with an

extensive Germanic based vocabulary

Yiddish is written with a fully

vocalized alphabet based on the Hebrew

script the earliest surviving references

date from the 12th century common usage

a language is called mama lotion which

literally means mother tongue

distinguishing it from Hebrew which is

termed Lashon hakodesh or if you are

maybe wandering around in Brooklyn

lotion kodesh which means the holy

tongue the term Yiddish did not become

the most frequently use designation in

the literature until the 18th century in

the late nineteenth and more commonly

into the 20th century the language is

called Jewish especially in non Jewish

context but Yiddish is currently the

designation the common designation there

is nothing inherently insulting about

the word [ __ ] as we have been trying to

emphasize in this presentation in fact

the Torah occasionally refers to the

Jewish people using the term [ __ ] as we

saw in Exodus 19 6 god says that the

children of Israel will be a king

I'm of priests and a holy nation that is

go at ocean however Jews have had so

many bad experiences with anti-semitic

non-jews over the centuries the term [ __ ]

has taken on some negative connotations

but in general it is no more insulting

than the word Gentile well some people

are insulted by the word Gentile so

there you go people who are living

persecuted in a country tend to self

isolate and they begin to cheer that's

that's xenophobia thing again make the

other people something other so the word

[ __ ] has a very specific implication in

Yiddish it can be something just as

simple as people who do things

differently than other people people who

think a certain way and not necessarily

an anti-semitic way but just a different

way of thinking where we have it two

terms a new dish a cup cup coming from

the German word cup cup meaning head a

Yiddish a cup if somebody is how they

think about things how they can get

around the world how they can do

business a certain way we're always when

we meet the kind of play Jewish

geography and see well who do you know

here and who do you know there maybe

we're related somebody will know

somebody is very common a [ __ ] asia cup

is maybe somebody that's not so clever

at business they just think about things

in a different way the it's kind of a

different world of you on the other hand

there are certain anti-semitic things

that have come through history and so

when we talk about [ __ ] sometimes we

have a very negative view I'm not going

to go into a long history of

anti-semitism I'm sure you're very well

familiar of it I'm just going to show

you this little chart and the left side

shows you the date and the right side

shows you the

entry from which the Jews have been

exiled so you can imagine this has some

effect on the psyche of the people

now you might not be the very first

people to have been insulted very first

believers in Yeshua to have been

insulted by the idea that you were a [ __ ]

and so we find that Christian sensors of

the Talmud in the 16th century developed

an acronym to replace the word [ __ ]

wherever it appeared because they didn't

want to be considered heathen either so

this acronym is a home and it stands for

Ovid co phim umas a looked worshippers

of the stars and constellation so in

their own minds they did not want that

the Jews would consider all going to be

heathen or pagan they wanted to be set

apart from from that concept of course

we can never affect how other people

think of us and either as a people group

or as a singular person people are bound

to think what they want to think so part

of the reason that I wanted to talk

about this is something that people

whether you're a Hebrew messianic or a

Hebrew Christian or Hebrew roots or

whatever name you consider yourself

people are talking about this like the

movement and I absolutely agree that

it's a movement of God because you can

see how it is springing up all over the

earth with no man teaching anybody or no

man convincing anybody that they should

come and do this in fact most people

that come into it whether from a Jewish

side or a Christians I'd lose have

something to lose we lose our

relationships with our friends our

family people that we used to fellowship

with when you get into this they begin

to think you're crazier whatever the

problem turns out to be and so because

this is kind of happening independently

all over the world we have to know that

the father is doing something in the

earth and there is a move of the Spirit

the problem is when we think of it

as a movement we start to try and move

things as human beings and I think

that's not the most effective way

obviously we have to live by the spirit

and when we feel this bird of God moving

then we move some people think that

maybe it's a denomination I feel pretty

sure that there's not too many Jewish

governing bodies that want to consider

you a Jewish denomination and there's

not too many Christian governing bodies

I want to consider you a denomination

either the nomination means that that

there's a name that's what the word

comes from and clearly we don't have a

name so we can't be a denomination some

people think that we could be a nation

but i would like to remind you that when

the children of israel went down to

Egypt in Exodus 11 they went down as a

family after much trial and tribulation

they came out as a nation and I believe

that as a pattern for us so I think we

have to think of ourselves more as a

family the Hebrew word for family is

mishpacha Genesis 819 every beast every

creeping thing and every fowl and

whatsoever creepeth upon the earth after

their kinds after their families went

forth out of the ark Genesis 12 3 and I

will bless them that bless thee and

curse them that curse thee and indy all

the families of the earth shall be

blessed the word family comes from the

word for handmade in Shipka genesis 16 1

now Sarai Abrams wife bear him no

children and she had a handmade and

Egyptian whose name was Hagar Ruth 23

then she said let me find favor in thy

sight my lord for thou hast comforted me

and for that thou has spoken friendly

unto thine hand Maiden though I be not

like one of thine hand maidens I think

it's interesting in both these cases

that the handmade

not from the tribe they're not from the

family and yet the family is built by

them Ephesians 3 14 for this cause i

found my knees unto the father of our

Lord issue in the Messiah of whom the

whole family in heaven and earth is

named if we're going to take his name

then we are going to be part of his

family one house one set of rules as in

any family on earth so we can think of

ourselves as in a giant of bulgarian de

chile and a Dane an estonian affinia

German Haitian and Indiana Japanese a

cashmere Lithuanian a Maltese a Nigerian

oak and now in a Portuguese a Qatari a

Rwandan singaporean died Ugandan

Venezuelan well easy and Yap Zambezi and

no I couldn't find a country that

started with X or a Jew or an American

but that is the nation in which we're

born issue a said we have to be born

again or we have to be born above and

once we are reborn into his family the

word Hebrew means to cross over and so

if we are willing to leave our nation

and join the family then we cross over

into the family of Yahweh so maybe we

can just call ourselves tour observant

believers and not worry about the

traditions and nations that we came out

of just learn to be a family of Torah

observant believers Peter first Peter to

11 and 12 dearly beloved I beseech you

as strangers and pilgrims abstain from

fleshly lusts which war against your

soul having your conversation honest

among the people that you live around in

your nation that whereas they speak

against you as evildoers they may by

your good works which they shall behold

glorify God in the day of visitation

you're a stranger

in a pilgrim in this world your nation

is not your home it's not your identity

Hebrews 13 14 through 17 for he here

have we no continuing City but we seek

one to come by him therefore let us

offer the sacrifice of praise to God

continually that is the fruit of our

lips giving thanks to his name but to do

good and to communicate forget not for

with such sacrifices God is well pleased

obey them that have rule over you and

you submit yourselves where they watch

for your souls as they must give account

that they may do it with joy and not

with grief for that is unprofitable for

you this world is not your home but you

can get ready for the world to come by

moving into the family of the Father

well we do have some kind of irritating

problems between us I look forward to

the day of Isaiah 11 13 the envy of a

frien will depart the adversaries of

Judah shall be cut off after I am shall

not NBD Judah and Judah shall not vex at

fri am everybody is born with unique

purpose everybody is born into a nation

into a biological family for to be

molded and shaped in the way that the

father has designed for you he has a

plan for your life you should be who you

are when you cross over into the family

you're going to bring certain gifts with

you don't try and be somebody that

you're not just bring the thing that you

have to the family and obey the rules of

the family until that day comes around

Cosima teen I am L Hashem I am keep your

eyes on the sky your redemption draw

nigh Shalom

12 types of these leg