Demeter: Goddess of the Grain & Agriculture - (Greek Mythology Explained)

the gods and goddesses of Olympus for a

topic that I've rarely discussed on this

channel and if I'm being completely

honest with you I don't really know why

I've put them off for so long so as we

continue our journey into Greek

mythology is the goddess Demeter that we

will be examining today so starting with

her name there are a few ways it can be

pronounced depending on how authentic

you want to sound the English

translation is quite simply Demeter but

as a general rule of thumb if a word has

been translated from Greek into English

and now begins with the letter D the way

it's pronounced in Greek will differ the

D sound is often replaced by th or what

sounds like thee Demeter in Greek is

pronounced that VMedia

with the emphasis placed on the second E

and the me in metre Demeter was of

course one of the original six Olympians

to be born from the tightness Rhea and

then swallowed by Cronus her father once

released him with her father defeated

Demeter would then go on to become quite

a key figure in the lives of the ancient

Greek people as the goddess of the grain

this not only included agriculture and

the harvest but also nourishment and

growth of the earth and humanity the

ancient Greeks had the belief that the

overall fertility of the earth was down

to Demeter and because of this several

cults formed in Demeter's name in order

to honor the goddess and to show their

gratitude but also to ensure that the

earth remained fertile because it did

directly affect their food supply the

cult of Seto or SID though referred to

the goddess as she of the grain because

the ancient Greeks believed that it was

through Demeter they were given food and

grain the second of Demeter's cults that

was known for its annual festival was a

Thesz nefaria which mainly focused on

Demeter and her daughter Persephone it

was fairly common practice for men to be

completely forbidden from attending this

festival and even just seeing or hearing

about the events that took place was

frowned upon and the women of Demeter's

cult kept their secrets quite secret the

first of Love Soft took placed her in

the end of summer close to the harvest

period and it would last for several

days now as to what exactly took place

during this festival we don't really

know but there are some accounts that

suggest that special Peaks were

sacrificed and placed into pits known as

negara the pigs entrails along with

cakes and bread baked in the shapes of

serpents and phalluses would then be

placed on altars dedicated to Demeter

and her daughter so the yearly routine

for a Greek woman who was parted to meet

his cult involved killing some pigs

throwing him in a pit and then Bacon's

and penis cake which I do find quite

amusing because penis shaped cakes are

something that we knew when he

see around bridal parties and birthday

parties unless they've been secretly

worshipping to me to this whole time and

we just never knew about it in that case

we've just uncovered the penis cake

conspiracy or maybe I just like saying

penis cake

I don't really know anyway I digress

enough to talk about cake this festival

is one of the most widely celebrated

across ancient Greece because of how

integral Demeter was to the survival of

the ancient Greek people and the risk of

anger in Demeter was far too great and

we will discuss what exactly the goddess

was capable of a bit later on in the


over the years Demeter had numerous

consorts which in turn resulted in

numerous children the most well known of

these being Persephone who was fathered

by Zeus and who I'm sure many of you are

already familiar with one of the lesser

discuss relations was with ESO the son

of Zeus and the nymph Electra when

attending the marriage of Cadmus and

Harmonia Demeter lured him away from the

celebrations and into a field where the

two would enjoy the sunset and roam

around in the field counting sheep and

I'm kiddin they just had sex when they

did eventually return to the

celebrations the back of Demeter's dress

was covered in mud because that is what

happens if you choose to roll around in

a field now this in itself wouldn't have

been much of a problem but it was

spotted by Zeus who would guess what had

happened and who reacted out of anger

and jealousy well maybe it was out of

boredom and pleasure no one really knows

of Zeus because he just does whatever he

wants whenever he pleases regardless of

why he chose to do so he then proceeded

to strike down a source of a single bolt

of lightning Demeter did however have

his twin sons

Pluto's the god of wealth and Filomena's

the god of Agriculture and husbandry the

rasam tells a Demeter they go all the

way back to the Bronze Age around the

same time we have the first accounts of

people speaking Greek these tales would

associate Demeter with Poseidon rather

than Zeus in these somewhat primitive

stories Poseidon was seen as a water

spirit who appeared as a horse that

would pursue Demeter

who appeared as a mayor now for some of

you this story may sound familiar that's

because it is quite similar to the story

of nemesis in Zeus Demeter wanting to

avoid Poseidon transformed herself into

her ancient form which was that of a

mayor but Poseidon then transformed

himself into a stallion in order to mate

with the goddess she would then bore

Poseidon several children despina or

their spinner the goddess of mysteries

it was a central figure of the

Eleusinian mysteries the simplest way to

describe the illusion ian's mysteries is

as the initiation process held annually

for those who wish to join the cult of

Demeter and Persephone

dis B Nord often appear alongside her

mother during these trials as the

mistress whose real name would only be

revealed to those initiated into the

cult of her mother or her very own

Acadian cult Demeter and her daughter

would often be seen as the two great

goddesses of Arcadia

but this daughter was later replaced by

Persephone in the years that followed

the second child of Poseidon and Demeter

was Ariane a swift divine horse with the

gift of speech who appears in a work of

Homer as the horse of king addressed us

of August there is no men that shall

catch the by a burst of speed neither

past the bye nay not enough in pursuit

he were driving godly Ariane the Swift

horse of addresses that was of heavenly

stock these were just some of the meet

his children who were mentioned by more

than just name she was said to have had

no less than nine children of Tripta

Lemus the threefold warrior and several

more for Titan Oceanos having already

discussed some of the metres

lesser-known children I'm sure many of

you are waiting to hear about one in

particular the daughter that she had

with Zeus and the child that she

arguably had the strongest connection

with Persephone for the most part

Persephone seen as the queen of the

underworld but as a young woman she was

the goddess of springtime flowers and

vegetation all things that we can link

back to her mother so it's no real

surprise that they spent most days

together and formed a very close

connection the issue then arose when

Hades fell in love with Persephone and

Demeter would not bless their marriage

because to her Persephone was a beacon

of life and to be surrounded by the dead

in Hades was not a future that she

wished for her daughter it's fairly

difficult to say of any certainty

whether her reaction here was a

manifestation of her feelings towards

her brother Hades or rather her own

personal desire for her daughter to

experience life to its fullest and not

to be condemned to an eternity in the

underworld regardless of the media's


Zeus had already promised Hades one of

his daughters as a bride and Hades had

indeed chosen Persephone knowing that

Demeter would never win in the allow

Persephone to join Hades in the


the two brothers hatched a plan which in

most cases ended with Persephone being

abducted when she was separated from her


there are numerous versions of this

story where Hades made his feelings

known to Persephone and she accepted his

proposal when Tomita returned to see her

daughter had disappeared without a trace

or even a sign she was so distraught

that she vowed to search night and day

never to rest for sleep would never

bring back Persephone with aid from the

Galasso karta whose torches lit the

darkness Demeter was able to search

during the night but sadly to no avail

she eventually transformed herself into

an old woman hoping that disguising her

appearance or to make the answers that

she was looking for easier to come by

her in her search for her daughter she

came across the Palace of Salinas the

king of West Attica still in the guise

of an old woman she asked the king for

shelter which he granted on the

condition that she nursed his two sons

Tripta limas and Emma fawn if the search

for her daughter momentarily halted

Demeter was finally able to rest and she

wished to repay the king's kindness by

making both of his sons immortal she

covered them a phone-in ambrosia and

placed him in the flames of the hearth

where the boy's mortal self would burn

away but his mother Queen Metin era

worked in during this ritual only to see

her son engulfed in flames she began to

scream assume in her son was dead and

eventually Demeter pulled the boy from

the flames before the process was

complete demo from remained completely

unharmed but he was still very much

immortal Demeter instead chose to show

her gratitude by teaching trip to Lemus

the secret of Agriculture which he would

then teach to the people of his father's

kingdom and this story was considered to

be one of the earliest explanations as

to how humanity learned to plant grow

and harvest grain Tripta Lemus was seen

by many as Demeter's first priest and

the ambassador to humanity through him

to meet his creation of agriculture

would be taught to the masses soon after

leaving the palace Demeter was told by

her karta that the titan helios had

witnessed the events that took place

when Persephone had gone missing and so

she set out to consult with him where

she learnt of her daughter's abduction

and the roles played by Hades and Zeus

during the search for her daughter

Demeter abandoned her responsibilities

the seasons halted crops flowers and all

things living began to die with fruit

supplies now scarce humanity began to

starve and perish they pray to Zeus in

the hopes that he could save them but he

could do nothing the only things you

could do is plead of Demeter to return

to her post but she refused to do so

unless Persephone was returned to the

land of the living now faced with the

possibility of all life becoming extinct

Zeus had no choice but to bring his

daughter back and so he sent the

messenger of the gods Hermes to retrieve

her Hades agreed that he would return

Persephone but before she left he

convinced the dita pomegranate which

then bound her to his domain

when Hermes returned with the bad news

to meet was furious

she made it known to Zeus that if her

daughter was not returned then she would

make it so all life would cease to exist

and thus they eventually struck an

agreement between them Persephone would

spend a portion of the year in the

underworld of hade

and the rest will be spent on the earth

with her mother this story was off the

news by the ancient Greeks as a way to

explain the different seasons and there

are numerous versions and

interpretations with a duration and the

exact time of year Persephone spent in

the underworld completely different some

like to believe that spring and summer

signified Persephone and her mother

being reunited and the unfruitful winter

signified her return to Hades if there

is one thing that we do learn from this

story its how powerful Demeter truly is

the goddess of the harvest isn't one

that you would associate a great amount

of power with but you would be wrong we

see that Demeter refusing to perform her

duties for a short period of time

results in almost the death of

everything and this does become a threat

used to ensure the return of Persephone

Zeus peed in the position where he's

completely powerless isn't one that we

see too often in Greek mythology but in

this occasion he is truly helpless and

has no other option but to concede to

the demands being made now some of you

may be thinking how does Demeter have

any leverage in his position to begin

with and you can definitely ask the

question why would you scare of humanity

in all things living died and how does

that affect him negatively humanity made

up the vast majority of Zeus's

worshipers they were his children his

wives and he's many affairs Demeter not

only threatened destroy those who adored

and worshipped zeus but also everything

that zeus and his fellow gods had built

and that is why in this scenario he

truly has no choice but to concede so

we've briefly gone over some of the

consorts and children associated of

Demeter along with some of the popular

stories that she appeared in but we've

not really discussed her relationship

with the ancient Greek people in any

real detail Demeter is one of the most

respected Greek deities because of how

dependent the ancient Greeks were on

grain and the harvest the origins of

Demeter's name can be traced back and

translated to roughly mean mother earth

or the Earth Mother and if we look at

Gaia as the earth itself then Demeter's

role is very similar to that of a mother

caring and nourishing for the earth to

ensure that it flourishes if the ancient

Greeks identified several plants with


including wheat mint and the poppy which

were all considered to be sacred to her

of the poppy even be in one of her many

symbols there are some accounts were

Demeter is considered to be part of a

triple goddess closely associated to the

story of Persephone subduction the

triple god has consisted of her karta

who assumed the role of the wise old

crone Demeter herself who is the carried

mother and Persephone who represents the

exuberance of youth we can also

interpret the three goddesses as

representing the past present and future

unlike her siblings Damita did not

demand respect nor did she command fear

her many cults and the Greek people

worshiped her out of appreciation and

gratitude for what she provided humanity

her worship for the most part was done

in conjunction with her daughter

now this daughter was originally to

spanner but she was later replaced by

Persephone in the years that followed

and this is very important because it

does highlight some of the meet his best

qualities she was caring and protective

not only to her children but also to the

ancient Greek people and that is why

they held her in such high esteem over

the years humanity faced many hardships

and challenges but Demeter and what she

provided proved to be a constant source

of reliability and consistency and that

is unless you try and take away her

daughter because in that case you'll

probably just die of starvation

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as always I've been your host mythology

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