The Role of the Speaker of the House

the Speaker of the House is second in

line of succession for the presidency

after the vice president

he's also the top officer of the entire

House of Representatives Matt was new

ski the house historian says the

speaker's role is crucial the speaker

also over the decades has become really

the the chief administrator of the house

side of the Capitol the the speaker

makes final decisions pretty much on

everything on our side Catholic

University professor Matthew Greene says

part of the speaker's job is

representing the house with the Senate

the president and the public and then on

top of that he is the top leader of his

party which is usually the how he gets

elected so he's responsible ultimately

for helping the party get its

legislation enacted helping with

recruiting candidates to run for office

raising money for people to run for

office in his party so he has a lot of

responsibilities frederik AC Muhlenberg

of Pennsylvania became the first House

Speaker on April 1st 1789 at the

beginning speakers played more of a

parliamentary role than a political one

but time has changed they were sort of

supposed to keep out of politics or of

partisan conflict but gradually in the

19th century as parties got stronger

speakers took on more role as a party

leader that started around the latter

half of the 19th century and has

continued more or less continually since

then in more modern Congress is someone

who can drive policy someone who is a

deal maker who is who's able to

negotiate with various factions within

the party and and reach across the aisle

of the other party important as it is

anyone can be elected for this position

not just the members of the House the

Constitution is pretty vague about it

can be speaker all it says is that the

house shall choose its speaker so as as

others have pointed out in theory anyone

can be speaker you don't even have to be

a member of

you and I you could be speaker if you

wanted I could run for speaker if I

wanted but both experts say up until now

all 53 speakers have been members of the

House the current Speaker John Boehner

announced his resignation last month

bringing a tumultuous end to his nearly

six-year tenure marked by frequent

tension within his own Republican caucus

this prolonged leadership turmoil would

do irreparable harm to the institution

traditionally the Speaker of the House

is the leader of the majority party but

he's chosen by a majority vote of all

435 members of the House of

Representatives young-chan VOA news