You're watching FreeSchool!
Located in the Black Hills of South Dakota, Mount Rushmore is a monumental sculpture carved
into the side of a mountain, depicting four of the most famous and influential presidents
in the history of the United States of America: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham
Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt.
The idea for the sculpture was suggested in 1923 as a way to bring visitors to South Dakota,
and sculptor Gutzon Borglum was selected to create it.
Congress approved the project in 1925, but work didn't begin until October 4, 1927.
Over the next 14 years, 400 workers blasted more than 400,000 tons of rock off the mountainside
using dynamite, finishing the details with jackhammers and chisels.
Despite the dangerous conditions, no one died during the construction of Mount Rushmore!
The face of George Washington was finished first in 1934, followed by Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson had been planned to stand on Washington's right, but when the rock on
that side was found to be bad for carving, all the carving that had been done was blown
off with dynamite and he was moved to the other side.
Abraham Lincoln's face was finished in 1937, and Theodore Roosevelt was the last one done
Mount Rushmore cost less than one million dollars to complete.
Originally, the sculptures were supposed to show the presidents down to their waists,
but the builders ran out of money and so they just made the heads.
The heads of the presidents are 60 feet or 18 meters tall - that's the height of a six-story
Their eyes are each 11 feet or 3.3 meters across and their noses are 20 feet or 6 meters long.
Today Mount Rushmore is carefully maintained to prevent cracking.
Each year trained mountain climbers scale the monument and seal tiny cracks before they
can grow and cause parts to break off!
Between two and three million people visit Mount Rushmore each year, to see the colossal
presidents, making it the most popular tourist attraction in South Dakota.
I hope you enjoyed learning about Mount Rushmore today.
Goodbye till next time!