Olympians must climb a steep hill to reach
a peak of physical excellence.
That is why the Olympic Games
are for athletes in the prime of life.
But the Olympics sometimes presents
athletes who are slightly...
How can I put this? ..on the other side of that hill.
Athletes who are, perhaps,
in the late summer of their physical peak.
Meet Oscar Swahn,
not only a man with an impressive beard
but the oldest Olympian of all time.
He was born in 1847,
over half a century before
the start of the modern Olympic Games.
This makes him older than the light bulb.
Older than the motorcar.
Older than the teddy bear.
He's even older than breakfast cereal.
In fact, Swahn predates the foundation of Canada.
The unification of Germany and Italy.
And this is what the United States looked like
when Oscar was a lad.
In 1908, at the age of 60,
the Swedish marksman travelled to London for the Olympic Games
to represent Sweden
in the Running Deer shooting competition.
Field sports were extremely popular in the early days
of the Olympic Games, with a total of 15 events
scheduled for London 1908.
A century later,
nearly all have been changed or discontinued.
Which is a shame for die-hard fans of
Not Quite Running Deer shooting,
because it was a true test for any marksman.
Shooters had about four seconds to fire at
a moving deer target 100m away.
Swahn, who trained by shooting at real deer,
had little trouble hitting the moving target.
He won the Running Deer Single Shot event in London and took
a second gold the next day in the team event.
A splendid end to a long career, you may think.
Yet, four years later,
at the 1912 Olympic Games in Stockholm, Swahn was back.
In fact, he won a bronze in the Double Shot and
a gold in the Team Single Shot.
He was now 64 years old.
He was only just getting started.
The Swedish gunslinger returned to the Olympic Games
eight years later, in 1920, now aged 72.
This made Swahn the oldest ever Olympian.
His age didn't affect his performances.
He won a silver medal
in the Running Deer Double Shot team event.
To find the most successful female golden oldie,
we need to go back to 1908 and the London Olympic Games.
Sybil Newall, best known as Queenie, was an English archer
who, at 53 years old,
was the oldest female gold medal winner.
She was an early pioneer of women's sport.
This was 20 years before women took part in athletics.
Queenie's main rival was Lottie Dod,
also competing for Great Britain.
Then aged 37, Lottie was a superstar of her age.
A brilliant tennis player,
she was a five-time Wimbledon champion,
the first won when she was just 15 years old.
She also won the British Ladies Amateur Golf Championship and
twice represented her country at field hockey.
In 1908, adding another string to her bow,
Dod was aiming for gold in the archery competition.
144 shots fired at targets 50 and 60 metres away.
On the close of the first day, Dod was in the lead and Queenie
was ten points behind.
The second day, Queenie overtook Dod,
eventually winning with a score of 688 points -
46 points ahead of Dod.
Queenie hit an amazing 23 bull's-eyes. Victory was hers.
The win made Queenie
the oldest female gold medallist of all time
at the age of 53 years and 275 days.
And, amazingly, Great Britain finished second and third, too.
And fourth, and fifth,
In fact, they were the only country
represented in the Archery,
ensuring a clean sweep.
The Brits were always rather clever
about that kind of thing.
Fair play and all that.
Alas, when other countries entered,
Great Britain did not do quite so well.
It would take almost a century before another British woman
won a medal in the archery.
At Athens 2004, Alison Williamson of Great Britain
finally won a bronze in the individual competition.