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Hades: God Of The Underworld - Lord Of The Dead (Greek Mythology Explained)

the collector of souls surrounded by

screams the guardian of Hell precisely

it seems consumes the bad devoured by

wrath strong vile powers don't enter his

path lives for the pain embraces his

crown watch out for the king that lay

underground shortly after the Olympians

defeated their father Cronus the reign

of the Titans came to an end

assuring in the new rule of the

Olympians Hades and his brothers Zeus

and Poseidon decided that they would

divide the rule of their new kingdom

amongst each other with the Zeus rule in

the sky Poseidon the ocean and Hades

having rule of the underworld

it is the rule of the underworld Hades

that we'll be focusing on today we know

that the Titan Cronus was Hades his

father and his mother was a Titan

Estrella Hades was the oldest of the

three male Olympians and he was the

fourth born of the original six

Olympians the domain that belongs to

Hades is now what we've come to refer to

as the underworld but it was also

commonly referred to as Hades in the

name of its ruler

the underworld is believed to be hidden

deep beneath the earth and was

considered to be surrounded by five

rivers Acheron the river of woe Cocytus

the river of lamentation the Phlegethon

river of fire sticks the river of

unbreakable oath and Lessie the river of

forgetfulness

past the five rivers is a diamond gate

guarded by the three-headed hound

Cerberus deep within the underworld

there is a vast Palace that belongs to

Hades his palace was said to have rooms

made entirely of silver and gold

decorated of all sorts of precious

metals and jewels since Hades had access

to all the riches under the earth these

chambers were described by Persephone as

a dazzling wealth of brilliance to even

rival that of Mount Olympus

one can only reach the palace if hades

wishes them to those who are not welcome

can walk an eternity without ever

reaching it upon death one soul would be

led by Hermes to the entrance of the

underworld

once there there was a ferry that would

carry them across the river Acheron

there was only one ferry run by the

boatman known as Charon he only took

those across who could pay the fare in

order to prepare for the payment coins

would be placed in the lips of the Dead

when they were buried those who could

not afford the fare were trapped between

the underworld and the realm of the

living once the ride had come to an end

the souls were allowed to pass through

the gates by Cerberus who would only

ever allow souls to enter never to leave

they would then appear before the three

judges Rhadamanthus Minos and Akos who

would decide the severity of their

sentence based on their actions in their

previous life those considered to have

lived a good honest life would be sent

to Elysium field the others were

sentenced to be tormented for eternity

it was known that Hades preferred to

spend his time in the underworld and

though he was traditionally depicted as

one of the twelve Olympians he only ever

ventured to Mount Olympus to commune of

the gods in matters of great concern

despite the underworld being he's

Dominion Hades was not considered to be

the god of death that was an honor that

belong to an entirely different god

named Thanatos much like his other two

brothers Hades was a greedy god and took

a keen interest in growing his kingdom

he took pride in the subjects he

collected taken a liking to those whose

actions caused death which could be why

the originals were treated as honored

guests within his kingdom the people of

ancient Greece feared Hades so much that

they believed even saying his name would

result in death coming quicker this led

to Hades being referred to by the Greeks

as pluton or Pluto by the Romans

Hades then became the god of wealth

because of the precious metals that will

be mined from deep within the earth this

also included the wealth of fertile soil

that would nourish the seeds in grain

Hades was often depicted as a dark

bearded Stern and stoic unyielding ruler

who adamantly defended the deads right

to burial he was often seen on his ebony

throne wearing a helmet given to him by

the Cyclops during the War of the Titans

granting the wearer invisibility

you

the weapon that is most commonly

associated with Hades was his by dn't a

two-prong staff that resembles a

pitchfork capable of shattering anything

in his path and not to be confused with

the three-pronged Trident of Poseidon

although not directly a weapon of Hades

Cerberus is a frequent companion and

often referred to as the Hound of Hades

despite his immense power Hades was

regarded as the least powerful of the

three brothers with Poseidon being the

second most powerful and of course Zeus

the most powerful now we mentioned

Persephone at the start of the video she

was the daughter of Zeus and Demeter and

she would eventually become wife to

Hades but in order to make her his wife

Hades had to manipulate and trick her

but that's a story we'll be covering in

a later video

with Hades being such a predominant

figure in Greek mythology he features in

hundreds of stories most of these

stories would involve individuals

attempting to enter the underworld one

of the most well known was in the 12

labors of Heracles Heracles was given

the task by King Eurystheus of venturing

into the underworld and bring him back

with him Cerberus in order to prove his

fearlessness and strength upon arriving

in the underworld

Heracles asked Hades for his permission

to take back Cerberus Hades was

impressed by the respect and courage

shown by Heracles to ask him such a

thing the only condition Hades said was

that Cerberus was not to be harmed

this meant that Heracles would have to

wrestle the beasts of his bare hands

Heracles did eventually managed to bring

back Cerberus to show King Eurystheus he

was even able to return the Hound to the

underworld unharmed another similar tale

is that of Orpheus who traveled to the

underworld in search of his wife

Eurydice Wolfie s was a renowned

musician and upon arriving he's musical

skills impressed Hades so much that he

allowed him to leave with his wife on

the condition that until they reach the

surface he was not allowed to look back

at his wife

Orpheus agreed but as a test Hades had

given him the wrong soul Orpheus so

eager to glance at his wife once again

looked back breaking his promise and

losing his wife for a second time

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these stories quite clearly indicate

that Hades was not an evil God when

individuals came to him in their time of

need he chose not to turn them away but

instead he gave them the chance to earn

what they desire it seems that he is not

against helping those in need but only

if they can prove themselves worthy

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the most recent depictions of Hades in

movies and games often show him as being

evil the villain of the story and

sometimes he appears more like a demon

than a man I guess we can attribute this

to Hades been a dark and morbid

character whether you like Hades or not

there is no denying that he is one of

the most interesting gods in Greek

mythology

what about you guys is Hades a God that

you're fond of is he a God that you

haven't heard much about or is he a God

that you do not like I personally feel

that Hades is one of the misunderstood

gods there isn't much to suggest that

Hades was evil but thanks a lot of

movies and games he now has his

reputation of a villain in comparison to

some of the other things done by other

gods

Hades does seem to be one of the most

fair and just gods in Greek mythology if

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host mythology and fiction explained

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